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An open-source relational database that supports both SQL and JSON querying.

Available providers

Why use PostgreSQL on Plural?

Plural helps you deploy and manage the lifecycle of open-source applications on Kubernetes. Our platform combines the scalability and observability benefits of managed SaaS with the data security, governance, and compliance benefits of self-hosting PostgreSQL.

If you need more than just PostgreSQL, look for other cloud-native and open-source tools in our marketplace of curated applications to leapfrog complex deployments and get started quickly.

PostgreSQL’s websiteGitHubLicenseInstalling PostgreSQL docs
Deploying PostgreSQL is a matter of executing these 3 commands:
plural bundle install postgres aws-postgres
plural build
plural deploy --commit "deploying postgres"
Read the install documentation

Postgres Operator

Tests E2E Tests Coverage Status

The Postgres Operator delivers an easy to run highly-available PostgreSQL clusters on Kubernetes (K8s) powered by Patroni. It is configured only through Postgres manifests (CRDs) to ease integration into automated CI/CD pipelines with no access to Kubernetes API directly, promoting infrastructure as code vs manual operations.

Operator features

  • Rolling updates on Postgres cluster changes, incl. quick minor version updates
  • Live volume resize without pod restarts (AWS EBS, PVC)
  • Database connection pooling with PGBouncer
  • Support fast in place major version upgrade. Supports global upgrade of all clusters.
  • Restore and cloning Postgres clusters on AWS, GCS and Azure
  • Additionally logical backups to S3 or GCS bucket can be configured
  • Standby cluster from S3 or GCS WAL archive
  • Configurable for non-cloud environments
  • Basic credential and user management on K8s, eases application deployments
  • Support for custom TLS certificates
  • UI to create and edit Postgres cluster manifests
  • Support for AWS EBS gp2 to gp3 migration, supporting iops and throughput configuration
  • Compatible with OpenShift

PostgreSQL features

The Postgres Operator has been developed at Zalando and is being used in production for over three years.

Using Spilo 12 images or lower

If you are already using the Postgres operator in older version with a Spilo 12 Docker image you need to be aware of the changes for the backup path. We introduce the major version into the backup path to smoothen the major version upgrade that is now supported.

The new operator configuration can set a compatibility flag enable_spilo_wal_path_compat to make Spilo look for wal segments in the current path but also old format paths. This comes at potential performance costs and should be disabled after a few days.

The newest Spilo image is:

The last Spilo 12 image is:

Getting started

For a quick first impression follow the instructions of this tutorial.

Supported setups of Postgres and Applications



There is a browser-friendly version of this documentation at


There are two places to get in touch with the community:

  1. The GitHub issue tracker
  2. The #postgres-operator slack channel

How Plural works

We make it easy to securely deploy and manage open-source applications in your cloud.

Select from 90+ open-source applications

Get any stack you want running in minutes, and never think about upgrades again.

Securely deployed on your cloud with your git

You control everything. No need to share your cloud account, keys, or data.

Designed to be fully customizable

Built on Kubernetes and using standard infrastructure as code with Terraform and Helm.

Maintain & Scale with Plural Console

Interactive runbooks, dashboards, and Kubernetes api visualizers give an easy-to-use toolset to manage application operations.

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Used by fast-moving teams at

  • CoachHub
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  • Mott Mac

What companies are saying about us

We no longer needed a dedicated DevOps team; instead, we actively participated in the industrialization and deployment of our applications through Plural. Additionally, it allowed us to quickly gain proficiency in Terraform and Helm.

Walid El Bouchikhi
Data Engineer at Beamy

I have neither the patience nor the talent for DevOps/SysAdmin work, and yet I've deployed four enterprise-caliber open-source apps on Kubernetes... since 9am today. Bonkers.

Sawyer Waugh
Head of Engineering at Justifi

This is awesome. You saved me hours of further DevOps work for our v1 release. Just to say, I really love Plural.

Ismael Goulani
CTO & Data Engineer at Modeo

Wow! First of all I want to say thank you for creating Plural! It solves a lot of problems coming from a non-DevOps background. You guys are amazing!

Joey Taleño
Head of Data at Poplar Homes

We have been using Plural for complex Kubernetes deployments of Kubeflow and are excited with the possibilities it provides in making our workflows simpler and more efficient.

Jürgen Stary
Engineering Manager @ Alexander Thamm

Plural has been awesome, it’s super fast and intuitive to get going and there is zero-to-no overhead of the app management.

Richard Freling
CTO and Co-Founder at Commandbar

Case StudyHow Fnatic Deploys Their Data Stack with Plural

Fnatic is a leading global esports performance brand headquartered in London, focused on leveling up gamers. At the core of Fnatic’s success is its best-in-class data team. The Fnatic data team relies on third-party applications to serve different business functions with every member of the organization utilizing data daily. While having access to an abundance of data is great, it opens up a degree of complexity when it comes to answering critical business questions and in-game analytics for gaming members.

To answer these questions, the data team began constructing a data stack to solve these use cases. Since the team at Fnatic are big fans of open-source they elected to build their stack with popular open-source technologies.


Plural is open-source and self-hosted. You retain full control over your deployments in your cloud. We perform automated testing and upgrades and provide out-of-the-box Day 2 operational workflows. Monitor, manage, and scale your configuration with ease to meet changing demands of your business. Read more.

We support deploying on all major cloud providers, including AWS, Azure, and GCP. We also support all on-prem Kubernetes clusters, including OpenShift, Tanzu, Rancher, and others.

No, Plural does not have access to any cloud environments when deployed through the CLI. We generate deployment manifests in the Plural Git repository and then use your configured cloud provider's CLI on your behalf. We cannot perform anything outside of deploying and managing the manifests that are created in your Plural Git repository. However, Plural does have access to your cloud credentials when deployed through the Cloud Shell. Read more.